Regional Assessment of Hazards, Vulnerabilities and Risks in ECCAS countries
Terms of reference
The effects of demographic pressure, unplanned urbanization, biodiversity loss, land and eco-systems degradation, climate change and complex economic globalization trends may partially explain the increase and intensity of disasters worldwide. Natural hazards disproportionately affect lower-income countries and those who benefit least from wealth creation owing to economic globalization. In Africa, in particular, various forms of vulnerability have the potential to amplify minor hazard events into major disasters. Since 1970, Sub-Saharan Africa has experienced more than 2,000 disasters, with just under half taking place in the last decade.1 The most common disasters in Sub-Saharan Africa consist of floods and droughts; other hazards such as cyclones, earthquakes, landslides, volcanoes and epidemics have serious implications in sustainable water supply, health, food security, agricultural productivity, livelihoods and fiscal risk management.